IMG_1819_edited.jpg

After-Christmas Special
  20% off PNS YelloSno  
Use code: LET-IT-SNO!

Now in
CANADA!!

jl logo.png
MASCOT.png

NOW IN CANADA

Flag_of_Canada.jpg

Available for Preorder at J&L Aquatics (www.jlaquatics.com)

trio (with labels).png
R_edited_edited.jpg
rhop2_edited_edited_edited.jpg

Rhodopseudomonas
palustris

download-1_edited.jpg
download-2_edited.jpg

Rhodospirillum
rubrum

zhuo Rhodobacter capsulatus_edited_edite
download-3_edited_edited_edited.jpg

Rhodobacter
capsulatus

MASCOT_edited_edited.png

Use code:

LOVE22

BACKGROUND small.jpg

Sorry we missed you...

We'll be
RIGHT BACK!

Flag_of_Norway_edited.jpg

Now in
Norway!


Get the full line of
PNS products at

CoralLab

LOGO.png
128527783_155198709628444_6877189535023006950_n.jpg
murmanns.jpg
262326762_1329345397495832_8758519680036591669_n.jpg
profile picture-01.jpg

Now cultivating three species of photosynthetic bacteria for your aquarium, pond or horticultural system!

3 species.JPG
MASCOT_edited_edited.png

Culture all three yourself—easily and economically—with our new kit
PNS HomeGro™

Mandarin

Copepod

Phytoplankton

Wrasse

Camel shrimp

Amphipod

Hair algae

PYRAMID OF ENERGY

PYRAMID OF BIOMASS

Tomorrow evening

Friday 13th
6:30 P.M. (Mountain Time)

1.png

2.   Organoheterotrophic bacteria (Bacillus)

1.   Epiphytic bacteria (Roseobacter)

4.   Iron oxidizing bacteria (Mariprofundus)

5.   Purple nonsulfur bacteria (Rhodopseudomonas)

6.   Denitrifying bacteria (Thiobacillus)

7.   Purple sulfur bacteria (Chromatium)

8.   Green sulfur bacteria (Chlorobium)

9.   Sulfate reducing bacteria (Desulfovibrio)

Substrate

Macroalgae

Detritus

3.   Nitrifying bacteria (Nitrosomonas)

Production of food and probiotics in the refugium: Blue arrows indicate export of bacterioplankton from certain microbial groups.

Nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, sulfur and carbon cycling: Examples of key microbial functional groups/genera shown on detrital/algal surfaces and within various depth-dependent zones of the refugium substrate. 

Aerobic

Microaerophilic

Anaerobic

Substrate

Aerobic

Aerobic

Aerobic

Utilizes
organic carbon?

No
Yes

7.

Photoautotroph

8.

Energy from light?

Yes

Energy from light?

1.

Photoheterotroph

Yes

5.

No

3.

Chemoautotroph

4.

6.

Energy from inorganic oxidation?

Yes
No

Energy from inorganic oxidation?

Chemoheterotroph

Yes

9.

No

Organoheterotroph

2.